Top 21 Chef Interview Questions and Answers for DevOps Engineers

I believe to practice defensive programming in a pragmatic way, which often means assuming that the code will fail and planning for those failures. I try to incorporate unit test strategy, use of test harnesses, early load testing; network simulation, A/B and multi-variate testing, etc. A Node represents a server and is typically a virtual machine, container instance, or physical server – basically any computing resource in your infrastructure that is managed by Chef. A Node represents a server and is typically a virtual machine, container instance, or physical server – basically any compute resource in your infrastructure that is managed by Chef.

What are the top 10 Chef interview questions and answers?

  • When did you decide to become a chef?
  • What is your signature dish?
  • What is your favorite or least favorite dish to prepare?
  • How do you describe your overall cooking philosophy?
  • Name the three kitchen tools you can't do without?
  • Why are you considering a new position?

That way the healthy two nodes can confirm the state of the system. Their goal was to have a reproducible environment by automating things such as installing software and creating and configuring users, groups, and responsibilities. A security group then controls which inbound and outbound traffic is allowed. The “blue” environment is monitored for faults and if everything is working well, load balancing and other components are switch newm the “green” environment to the “blue” one. Security policies also contain notable differences between the various cloud providers. Feature flags are a common way of dealing with incremental product releases inside of CI environments.

What are the Testing types supported by Selenium?

A) Use the driver create subcommand to create a new Kitchen driver in the RubyGems project. A) The chef_mirror resource to mirror objects in the chef-repo to a specified location. A) Signed header authentication is used to validate communications between the Chef server and any node that is being managed by the Chef server. The Chef client is installed on each node and is used to configure the node to its desired state. As you can see, there is a lot to learn to be able to land a rewarding job in the field of DevOps—Git, Jenkins, Selenium, Chef, Puppet, Ansible, Docker, Nagios, and more. You can even check out our Post Graduate Program in DevOps designed in collaboration with Caltech CTME that enables you to prepare for a DevOps career.

  • Git pull, on the other hand, retrieves and updates local branches with the new information from their corresponding remote branches.
  • Explain how you would design a development pipeline for a new project.
  • Include inferences of the challenges you faced and how you tackled them.
  • All of the data in the chef-repo should be treated like source code.
  • These questions covers essential Chef concepts and they are great to both learn and revise them.
  • If the lowest priority email server is unavailable, mail will be sent to the higher priority email servers.

Chef-jenkins adds the ability to use Jenkins to drive continuous deployment and synchronization of environments from a git repository. For example, in this lesson, you used a template resource to manage your HTML home page from an external file. The recipe stated the configuration policy for your web site, and the template file contained the data. You used a cookbook to package both parts up into a single unit that you can later deploy. Hello guys, if you are preparing for DevOps or SysOps interviews where Chef skills are required then you should prepare about common Chef Interview questions. If you already know this and looking for popular Chef Questions then you have come to the right place.

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Works with Selenium RC and runs tests on different nodes using browsers. Testing framework for a developer to write code in any programming language (Java, PHP, Perl, C#, etc.). Jenkins can be configured to employ the authentication mechanism that the deployed application server uses. There is a single source of truth for the pipeline, which can be viewed and edited.

Using the Ruby programming language, Chef translates system tasks into repeatable actions, known as recipes and cookbooks. Puppet is a widely used open-source software configuration management tool that supports automated testing, continuous integration, and continuous delivery. This should ideally include backup, migration, and lifecycle management tactics to protect, optimize and eventually recover computing resources. Some environments may emphasize microservices software development tailored for virtual containers. Operations expertise must include extensive knowledge of systems management tools like Microsoft System Center, Puppet, Nagios and Chef.

Devops : Automate Your Infrastructure With Puppet

In general there are a lot of similarities among the usage concepts of the cloud providers. But as you go into the details there are some fundamental differences between how various cloud providers handle this segregation. It provides automated deployment, configuration management, and monitoring hence it is less error-prone.

Talk about your leadership skills to handle and motivate the team to solve problems together. Talk about CI, release management, and other tools to keep interdisciplinary projects on track. Software teams will often look for the “fair weather” path to system completion; that is, they start from an assumption that software will usually work and only occasionally fail.

Monitoring performance metrics is an important part of the DevOps role. The interviewer may ask this question to learn more about your analytical skills and how you use data to make decisions. In your chef certification devops answer, explain how you would use performance metrics to improve processes in an organization. This question can help the interviewer understand your experience with a specific type of DevOps tool.

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